Integrating the Enneagram and the anthropological structures of the imaginary for multidimensional maturity in the personality

Christopher Kam & Christian R. Bellehumeur (2021) 

Integrating the Enneagram and the anthropological structures of the imaginary for multidimensional maturity in the personality

British Journal of Guidance & Counselling
DOI: 10.1080/03069885.2021.1909704

Received 02 Dec 2019, Accepted 23 Mar 2021, Published online: 19 May 2021

British Journal of Guidance & Counselling


Personality fixations that have had utility in the past can later become problematic for holistic psychological development. Adult Ego Development research combined with psychoanalytic assumptions provide a way to understand multidimensional maturity through addressing and transforming the unconscious. The Enneagram and Gilbert Durand’s Anthropological Structures of the Imaginary (ASI) are two frameworks that can be integrated to help clients experience transformation in unconscious self-limiting phenomena. The Enneagram can address unconscious thoughts and feelings while the ASI can address unconscious images. Given that different personality types have different deeply structured characteristics, combining these two models can provide specifically tailored guidance to varying personalities towards multidimensional wholeness. A case study as well as implications for clinical work will be provided.

KEYWORDS: Integration wholeness personality psychosocial maturity transformation

Christopher Kam

Christopher Kam is a doctoral student at Saint Paul University in Ottawa, Canada. His research involves the integration of personality, unconscious imagination, and Adult Ego Development. His area of focus in his academic work involves the integration of psychology and spirituality. He is also a Registered Psychotherapist in the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario.

Christian R. Bellehumeur

Christian R. Bellehumeur, Ph.D., is a full professor in the Faculties of Human Sciences and Philosophy at Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Member of the College of Psychologists of Quebec and member of the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario, he holds a master in pastoral counselling, and a doctorate in psychology from the University of Ottawa. His main research interests focus on the applications of Gilbert Durand's theory of Anthopological Structures of Imaginary (ASI) in the contexts of human development, psychotherapy, and recently, eco–psychology. Former associate editor of the Journal Counselling and Spirituality (published by Peeters, Belgium), and former director of the School of Counselling, Psychotherapy and Spirituality (Saint Paul University), he has published more than 60 scientific articles and book chapters in various fields such as communication, psychotherapy, psychology, theology and spirituality. He also co–edited two books. One with J. Malette (2019, Psychologie positive et spiritualité en psychothérapie : Fondements, Recherches et Applications. Québec : Presses de l'Université Laval), and one with R. Laprée (2013, L'imaginaire durandien : Enracinements et envols en terred'Amérique. Québec : Presses de l'Université Laval).

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